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Joint Replacement Surgery

A damaged or diseased joint is removed during joint replacement surgery and replaced with an artificial joint, commonly referred to as a prosthesis. This is typically done when nonsurgical methods of treating joint pain and dysfunction, such as medication or physical therapy, are no longer working.

The hip and knee are the most often replaced joints, but the shoulder, elbow, ankle, and wrist can all be replaced. Usually done under general anaesthesia, the treatment can last for many hours.

The injured joint is removed during surgery, and the bone is then prepped for the new artificial joint. Following that, the prosthesis is inserted into the bone and fixed there using cement or another fixation technique.

Why Do We Need Joint Replacement?

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint condition that causes the cartilage in the joints to break down. Pain, stiffness, and decreased movement may result from this.

Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune condition that damages and inflames joints. It can eventually cause joint abnormalities, discomfort, and restricted movement.

Avascular Necrosis is a disorder when the blood supply to a bone is cut off, resulting in the death of bone tissue. Joint pain and injury may result from this.

Traumatic Injury: Serious joint injuries, like fractures or dislocations, can harm the joint and result in chronic pain and mobility problems.

Bone tumours On occasion, tumours in the soft tissue or bone surrounding a joint can be extremely painful and harm the joint